Wet Sauna: Traditional Sauna Explained

Wet Sauna: Traditional Sauna Explained

Wet Sauna: Traditional Sauna Explained

The traditional sauna, also known as a wet sauna, is a cornerstone of wellness and relaxation practices across the globe. It is a place where the body and mind can unwind, where the heat and steam work in harmony to cleanse and rejuvenate. This article delves into the world of the traditional wet sauna, exploring its history, benefits, and the unique elements that make it such a cherished part of many cultures.

Stepping into a traditional sauna is like stepping into another world. The heat envelops you, the scent of the wood and water fills your senses, and the world outside fades away. It's a place of tranquility, a sanctuary for the body and mind. Let's embark on a journey to understand this remarkable wellness tradition.

The History of the Traditional Sauna

The traditional sauna has a rich and storied history that spans centuries and continents. It is believed to have originated in Finland, where it was used not just for bathing, but also for various rituals and ceremonies. The sauna was a sacred place, a place of healing and purification.

Over time, the sauna spread to other parts of the world, adapting and evolving to fit different cultures and climates. Despite these variations, the core elements of the sauna - heat, steam, and relaxation - have remained constant.

Origins in Finland

The sauna is an integral part of Finnish culture. The word 'sauna' itself is Finnish, and it is estimated that there are over two million saunas in Finland - a country with a population of just over five million. The sauna was traditionally built away from the main house and was used for a variety of purposes, from bathing and birthing to curing meats.

The Finnish sauna is typically heated with a wood-burning stove, and water is thrown onto the hot stones to create steam. This is known as löyly, a Finnish word that loosely translates to 'spirit of life'. The löyly is an essential part of the sauna experience, creating a moist heat that is believed to have numerous health benefits.

Spread Across the Globe

From its origins in Finland, the sauna has spread across the globe, with each culture adding its own unique twist. In Russia, for example, the banya is a type of sauna that uses wet steam and is often followed by a plunge into cold water. In Japan, the onsen is a natural hot spring bath that is often used for relaxation and health benefits.

In recent years, the sauna has become increasingly popular in the West, with many people incorporating it into their wellness routines. Whether it's in a spa, a gym, or a home, the sauna is a place of relaxation and rejuvenation, a place to escape from the stresses of everyday life.

The Benefits of the Traditional Sauna

The traditional sauna is not just a place of relaxation, but also a place of healing. The heat and steam have numerous health benefits, from improving cardiovascular health to relieving stress and promoting better sleep.

Many people also use the sauna for detoxification. The heat causes the body to sweat, which helps to flush out toxins. This, combined with the relaxation benefits, can leave you feeling refreshed and rejuvenated.

Cardiovascular Health

One of the key benefits of the sauna is its effect on cardiovascular health. The heat causes the heart rate to increase, which can improve circulation and lower blood pressure. Regular sauna use has been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease and stroke.

Furthermore, the heat can help to relax the muscles and ease tension, which can be beneficial for people with conditions such as arthritis or fibromyalgia. The heat can also help to reduce inflammation, which is linked to a variety of health conditions.

Stress Relief and Sleep

The sauna is also a great place to unwind and relieve stress. The heat and steam can help to relax the muscles and calm the mind, promoting a sense of well-being and tranquility. Many people find that a sauna session can help to reduce anxiety and improve mood.

Furthermore, the relaxation benefits of the sauna can also promote better sleep. The heat can help to relax the body and prepare it for sleep, and many people find that they sleep better after a sauna session. This can be particularly beneficial for people with insomnia or other sleep disorders.

Understanding the Traditional Sauna Experience

The traditional sauna experience is about more than just heat and steam. It's about the ritual, the process, the sense of community. It's about taking time for yourself, to relax and rejuvenate.

From the moment you step into the sauna, you are entering a different world. The heat envelops you, the steam fills your lungs, and the world outside fades away. It's a place of tranquility, a sanctuary for the body and mind.

The Sauna Ritual

The sauna ritual varies from culture to culture, but there are some common elements. Typically, the sauna is heated to a high temperature, and water is thrown onto the hot stones to create steam. This is followed by a period of relaxation, either inside the sauna or in a cool-down area.

In some cultures, the sauna ritual also involves a plunge into cold water, either in a pool or a natural body of water. This is believed to help cool the body and improve circulation. The sauna ritual is often repeated several times, with each cycle lasting around 15 to 20 minutes.

The Sauna Community

The sauna is also a place of community. In many cultures, the sauna is a social space, a place to gather with friends and family. It's a place to share stories, to laugh, to connect. The sauna is a place where the outside world is left behind, and the focus is on relaxation and connection.

Whether you're a seasoned sauna-goer or a newcomer, the sauna community is welcoming and inclusive. It's a place where everyone is equal, where the stresses of everyday life are left at the door. It's a place of warmth, both literally and figuratively.


The traditional sauna is a place of heat and steam, of relaxation and rejuvenation. It's a place with a rich history, a place that has spread across the globe and touched countless lives. Whether you're seeking relaxation, health benefits, or a sense of community, the sauna has something to offer.

So step into the heat, let the steam envelop you, and let the world outside fade away. Welcome to the world of the traditional sauna.

Back to blog